Adaptation as Exploration: Stanley Kubrick, Literature and A.I.: Artificial Intelligence

Date

2015-12

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

1755-0637

Volume Title

Publisher

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged in the scholarly work on Stanley Kubrick that most of his thirteen feature films were adaptations of literary texts. Much less attention has been paid to the fact that among the numerous projects he worked on but did not complete, there are also many adaptations. The exception to this scholarly neglect is the writing on A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001), a project based on Brian Aldiss’s 1969 short story ‘Supertoys Last All Summer Long’, which Kubrick worked on for almost fifteen years, but which was eventually completed, after Kubrick’s death in 1999, by his friend Steven Spielberg. Drawing on a range of archival sources, this essay examines, in some detail, the process of developing Aldiss’s ‘Supertoys’ into a range of treatments, whereby Kubrick worked with three different authors. The essay highlights Kubrick’s exploratory approach to filmmaking: he worked on a wide range of literary sources to explore possible stories for the films he was going to make; and he developed each literary source in different, mutually incompatible directions so as to identify the best way to tell a particular story. By highlighting a number of key themes, the essay also situates A.I. within Kubrick’s oeuvre, referencing both his films and his unrealised projects.

Description

Keywords

adaptation studies, archival research, unrealised projects, production histories, story development

Citation

Krämer, P. (2015) Adaptation as Exploration: Stanley Kubrick, Literature and A.I.: Artificial Intelligence. Adaptation: The Journal of Literature on Screen Studies, 18 (3), pp. 372-382

Rights

Research Institute

Cinema and Television History Institute (CATHI)