Anthocyanins and Vascular Health: A Matter of Metabolites

Date

2023-04-26

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Anthocyanins are a subgroup of flavonoid polyphenols previously investigated for improv ing cardiovascular health and preventing the development of endothelial dysfunction. However, their poor bioavailability raises the question of whether the observed biological activity is due to their metabolites. Phenolic metabolites can reach higher plasma concentrations and can persist in the circulation for periods much longer than their original anthocyanin form; therefore, the biological activity and health promoting effects of anthocyanins may differ from their metabolites. To address this, recent studies have facilitated different cell models, in vivo studies and explored physiologically relevant concentrations to better understand their mechanisms of action. The criteria were chosen based on previous reports demonstrating that anthocyanins can improve endothelial function via modulation of the Akt-endothelial nitric oxide synthase pathway and transcription factors Nrf2 and NF-κB, which made it critical to assess the phenolic metabolites’ modes of action via these pathways. This review demonstrates how phenolic metabolites differ in bioactivity from their precursor an thocyanin, demonstrating improved endothelial function in response to inflammatory mediators at concentrations that are tolerated in vivo. The review highlights the crucial need for further studies to focus on improving the bioavailability of metabolites in isolation and explore the effect of metabolites in mixtures.

Description

open access article

Keywords

Citation

Festa, J.; Hussain, A.; Al-Hareth, Z.; Singh, H.; Da Boit, M. (2023) Anthocyanins and Vascular Health: A Matter of Metabolites. Foods, 12, 1796

Rights

Research Institute

Institute for Allied Health Sciences Research