Synthesis and antitubercular activity of novel 4-arylalkyl substituted thio-, oxy- and sulfoxy-quinoline analogues targeting the cytochrome bc1 complex

Abstract

A library of 4-substituted quinolines was synthesised based on the structural features of the privileged 4-(benzylthio)-6-methoxy-2-methylquinoline scaffold. Quinoline-based chemical probes have proven to be effective anti-tuberculosis agents with the ability of inhibiting components of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) respiratory chain including the b subunit of the cytochrome bc1 complex. Novel 4-(arylalkyl)-thio, -oxy and sulfoxy-quinoline analogues were tested for their ability to inhibit the growth of MTB H37Rv and QcrB mutant strains, and the compounds mode of action was investigated. Members of the 4-subtituted thio- and sulfoxyquinoline series exhibited significant growth inhibitory activity in the high nanomolar range against wild-type MTB and induced depletion of intracellular ATP. These probes also showed reduced potency in the QcrB T313I mutant strain, thus indicating the cytochrome bc1 oxidase complex as the molecular target. Interestingly, new 4-(quinolin-2-yl)oxy-quinoline 4i was more selective for the QcrB T313I strain compared to the wild-type strain.

Description

open access article

Keywords

Citation

Murnane, R., Zloh, M., Tanna, S., Allen, R., Santana-Gomez, F., Parish, T. and Brucoli, F. (2023) Synthesis and antitubercular activity of novel 4-arylalkyl substituted thio-, oxy- and sulfoxy-quinoline analogues targeting the cytochrome bc1 complex. Bioorganic Chemistry, 138, 106659

Rights

Research Institute

Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)