The Effects of Time-Perspective and Balanced-Time-Perspective on the Success, Psychological Health and Well-Being of Students

Date

2016-04

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Volume Title

Publisher

British Psychological Society

Type

Conference

Peer reviewed

Abstract

Objectives: The student experience is a unique journey of challenge and opportunity, for which their success, subjective well-being (SWB) and psychological health are key elements. This research programme examined the effects of Time-Perspective (TP: An individual’s psychological relationship with time) on these outcomes. Design: A QUAN-qual mixed-methods approach was used. This included a longitudinal investigation examining the effects of TP on the success (academic and non-academic), psychological health and SWB of students in higher education. A follow-up interview study with a small number of these participants explored the areas in greater depth. Methods: Year-1 undergraduates (N=146), were recruited via a student research forum at the university. Demographic and questionnaire data pertaining to success, psychological health and SWB were collected using SurveyMonkey at three time-points throughout Year-1. Quantitative data were analysed in SPSS. Interview data from six participants with contrasting profiles were analysed using IPA. Results: Future, Past-Positive and Balanced-Time-Perspective (BTP) were predictive of SWB, academic and non-academic success. Psychological problems were associated with, and predicted by a bias towards Past-Negative and Present-Fatalist orientations. Those interviewed talked about their experiences of psychological ill-health, success and SWB. A good work/life balance, positive future goals and resilience to set-backs appeared to accompany a BTP. Conclusions: TP offers valuable understandings of the student experience, adding value in academic, practical and theoretical contexts. This research indicated that interventions focused on TP modification (i.e. developing a BTP) may potentially offer preventative mental-illness strategies for susceptible students and enhance their success and SWB at university.

Description

Research poster presentation of PhD findings.

Keywords

Time Perspective, Balanced Time Perspective, Student Success, Mental Health, Well-being, Psychology, Psychological Health

Citation

Griffin, E. and Wildbur, D. (2016) The effects of time-perspective and balanced-time-perspective on the success, psychological health and well-being of students. British Psychological Society's Annual Conference 2016: Research Poster

Rights

Research Institute

Institute for Psychological Science
Institute of Health, Health Policy and Social Care