On Recommendation of Learning Objects using Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model




Journal Title

Journal ISSN


Volume Title


IEEE Access



Peer reviewed



The e-learning recommender system in learning institutions is increasingly becoming the preferred mode of delivery, as it enables learning anytime, anywhere. However, delivering personalised course learning objects based on learner preferences is still a challenge. Current mainstream recommendation algorithms, such as the Collaborative Filtering (CF) and Content-Based Filtering (CBF), deal with only two types of entities, namely users and items with their ratings. However, these methods do not pay attention to student preferences, such as learning styles, which are especially important for the accuracy of course learning objects prediction or recommendation. Moreover, several recommendation techniques experience cold-start and rating sparsity problems. To address the challenge of improving the quality of recommender systems, in this paper a novel recommender algorithm for machine learning is proposed, which combines students actual rating with their learning styles to recommend Top-N course learning objects (LOs). Various recommendation techniques are considered in an experimental study investigating the best technique to use in predicting student ratings for e-learning recommender systems. We use the Felder-Silverman Learning Styles Model (FSLSM) to represent both the student learning styles and the learning object profiles. The predicted rating has been compared with the actual student rating. This approach has been experimented on 80 students for an online course created in the MOODLE Learning Management System, while the evaluation of the experiments has been performed with the Mean Absolute Error (MAE) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The results of the experiment verify that the proposed approach provides a higher prediction rating and significantly increases the accuracy of the recommendation.


The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.


Recommendation system, collaborative filtering, content-based filtering, hybrid filtering, e-learning, rating prediction, felder-silverman learning style model


Nafea, S.M., Siewe, F. and He, Y. (2019) On Recommendation of Learning Objects using Felder-Silverman Learning Style Model.


Research Institute

Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)