The role of repeated exposure to multi-modal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary.

Date
2014
Authors
Bisson, M. J.
van Heuven, W. J. B.
Conklin, K.
Tunney, R. J.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Wiley
Peer reviewed
Yes
Abstract
Prior research has reported incidental vocabulary acquisition with complete beginnersin a foreign language (FL), within 8 exposures to auditory and written FL word forms presented with a picture depicting their meaning. However, important questions remainabout whether acquisition occurs with fewer exposures to FL words in a multimodalsituation and whether there is a repeated exposure effect. Here we report a study wherethe number of exposures to FL words in an incidental learning phase varied between 2,4, 6, and 8 exposures. Following the incidental learning phase, participants completed an explicit learning task where they learned to recognize written translation equivalentsof auditory FL word forms, half of which had occurred in the incidental learning phase.The results showed that participants performed better on the words they had previously been exposed to, and that this incidental learning effect occurred from as little as 2exposures to the multimodal stimuli. In addition, repeated exposure to the stimuli wasfound to have a larger impact on learning during the first few exposures and decreasethereafter, suggesting that the effects of repeated exposure on vocabulary acquisitionare not necessarily constant.
Description
Keywords
repeated exposures, frequency effects, incidental learning, multimodality, foreign language vocabulary acquisition
Citation
Bisson, M.-J., van Heuven, W.J.B., Conklin, K. and Tunney, R.J. (2014) The role of repeated exposure to multi-modal input in incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary. Language Learning, 64 (4), pp. 855-877
Research Institute
Institute for Psychological Science