A study on helicopter main gearbox planetary bearing fault diagnosis

Abstract

The condition monitoring of helicopter main gearbox (MGB) is crucial for operation safety, flight airworthiness and maintenance scheduling. Currently, the helicopter health and usage monitoring system, HUMS, is installed on helicopters to monitor the health state of their transmission systems and predict remaining useful life of key helicopter components. However, recent helicopter accidents related to MGB failures indicate that HUMS is not sensitive and accurate enough to diagnose MGB planetary bearing defects. To contribute in improving the diagnostic capability of HUMS, diagnosis of a MGB planetary bearing with seeded defect was investigated in this study. A commercial SA330 MGB was adopted for the seeded defect tests. Two test cases are demonstrated in this paper: the MGB at 16000 rpm input speed with 180 kW load and at 23000 rpm input speed with 1760 kW load. Vibration data was recorded, and processed using signal processing techniques including self-adaptive noise cancellation (SANC), kurtogram and envelope analysis. Processing results indicate that the seeded planetary bearing defect was successfully detected in both test cases.

Description

The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version.

Keywords

Condition monitoring, Self-adaptive noise cancellation, Helicopter main gearbox

Citation

Zhou, L. et al. (2017) A study on helicopter main gearbox planetary bearing fault diagnosis. Applied Acoustics

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)