Dynamic Reciprocal Authentication Protocol for Mobile Cloud Computing


A combination of mobile and cloud computing delivers many advantages such as mobility, resources, and accessibility through seamless data transmission via the Internet anywhere at any time. However, data transmission through vulnerable channels poses security threats such as man-in-the-middle, playback, impersonation, and asynchronization attacks. To address these threats, we define an explicit security model that can precisely measure the practical capabilities of an adversary. A systematic methodology consisting of 16 evaluation criteria is used for comparative evaluation, thereby leading other approaches to be evaluated through a common scale. Finally, we propose a dynamic reciprocal authentication protocol to secure data transmission in mobile cloud computing (MCC). In particular, our proposed protocol develops a secure reciprocal authentication method, which is free of Diffie–Hellman limitations, and has immunity against basic or sophisticated known attacks. The protocol utilizes multifactor authentication of usernames, passwords, and a one-time password (OTP). The OTP is automatically generated and regularly updated for every connection. The proposed protocol is implemented and tested using Java to demonstrate its efficiency in authenticating communications and securing data transmitted in the MCC environment. Results of the evaluation process indicate that compared with the existing works, the proposed protocol possesses obvious capabilities in security and in communication and computation costs.


The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.


Authentication, Cloud computing, Mobile handsets, Protocols, Servers, mobile cloud computing (MCC), Diffie–Hellman


Ahmed, A.A., Wendy, K., Kabir, M.N. and Sadiq, A.S. (2020) Dynamic Reciprocal Authentication Protocol for Mobile Cloud Computing. IEEE Systems Journal,


Research Institute

Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)