Lexical constraints on the prediction of form: Insights from the visual world paradigm

Date

2020

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

0278-7393

Volume Title

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Two visual world experiments investigated the priming of form (e.g., phonology) during language processing. In Experiment 1, participants heard high cloze probability sentences like “In order to have a closer look, the dentist asked the man to open his…” while viewing visual arrays with objects like a predictable target mouth, phonological competitor mouse and unrelated distractors. In Experiment 2, participants heard target-associated nouns like “dentist” that were isolated from the sentences in Experiment 1 while viewing the same visual arrays. In both experiments, participants fixated the target (e.g., mouth) most, but also fixated the phonological competitor (e.g., mouse) more than unrelated distractors. Taken together, these results are interpreted as supporting association-based mechanisms in prediction, such that activation spreads across both semantics and form within the mental lexicon (e.g., dentist-mouth-mouse) and likewise primes (i.e., pre-activates) the form of upcoming words during sentence processing.

Description

The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.

Keywords

Prediction, Pre-activation, Form, Phonology, Visual world paradigm

Citation

Kukona, A. (2020) Lexical constraints on the prediction of form: Insights from the visual world paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition,

Rights

Research Institute

Institute for Psychological Science