Decentralized Renewable Hybrid Mini-Grids for Sustainable Electrification of the Off-Grid Coastal Areas of Bangladesh

Date

2016-04-06

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

1996-1073

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Lack of access to energy is considered as a serious bottleneck for the socio-economic development of Bangladesh. Despite earning recognition for promoting solar home systems, most of the rural areas and remote islands of the country still remain non-electrified due to very high unit cost and low quality of electricity from solar home systems (SHS) coupled with only few hours of restricted usages in the evening. Considering the resource potential and demand characteristics at the local level, the present study investigates the hybrid renewable mini-grid approach as a possible solution for universal electricity access in the country. Using Hybrid Optimisation of Multiple Energy Resources (HOMER) simulation model, the study, covering the whole coastal region of Bangladesh, shows that it is possible to offer a much better quality electricity for 12 h to 18 h a day for as low as USD 0.29–USD 0.31/kWh. Hybrid models suggested in this study can be replicated along the coastal belt and remote islands to obtain maximum diffusion of this technology and hence universal electrification.

Description

Open Access Journal

Keywords

hybrid mini-grids, coastal Bangladesh, hybrid optimisation of multiple energy resources (HOMER), off-grid electrification

Citation

Alam, M. and Bhattacharyya, S.C. (2016) Decentralized Renewable Hybrid Mini-Grids for Sustainable Electrification of the Off-Grid Coastal Areas of Bangladesh, Energies, 9 (4), 268

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)