Long term stability of glucose responsive dextran methacylate-concanavalin A Methacrylamide gels as part of an implantable artificial pancreas

Date

2015-07-01

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Taylor and Francis

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

A closed loop implantable insulin delivery device which delivers insulin to the peritoneum in an automated fashion linked to changing glucose levels has been developed and previously tested in diabetic rats and pigs. The device delivers insulin via a glucose-sensitive gel which comprises of photopolymerised acrylic derivatives of dextran and concanavalin A and acts as both a sensor and controller of the amount of insulin released. In this work the long term stability of these acrylic polymerised gels and also dextran and concanavalin A mixtures has been shown at 20°C and 37°C by rheological characterisation when stored with and without 0.1%w/w glucose. Acrylic gels were found to have a stable complex viscosity for over 730 days at these temperatures indicating that over time they do not undergo degradation. Mixtures and polymerised gels were also dialysed in the presence of chymotrypsin which is present in the peritoneum (device implant site) to assess gel integrity across a range of pore size dialysis membranes. Polymerised acrylic gels contained in dialysis membranes of 50kDa were found to be resistant to degradation over a long time (>500 days). These results show that these gels would be ideal candidates as part of an implantable insulin delivery device.

Description

Keywords

closed loop, concanavalin A, dextran methacrylate, diabetes, insulin, peritoneal, rheology

Citation

Sahota, T.S. et al. (2015) Long term stability of glucose responsive dextran methacylate-concanavalin A Methacrylamide gels as part of an implantable artificial pancreas. International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials, 64 (18), pp. 946-954

Rights

Research Institute

Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)