Using Artificial Intelligence to Identify Perpetrators of Technology Facilitated Coercive Control




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Technical Report

Peer reviewed


This study is one of the 21 projects funded by the Home Office for research on perpetrators of domestic abuse. It is interested in a specific form of domestic abuse known as Technology Facilitated Coercive Control (TFCC) and focussed on the digital communication between (alleged) perpetrators and victim/survivors held on mobile phones. The purpose of this feasibility study was twofold, i. to test the viability of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) programme to identify () perpetrators (including alleged perpetrators) of domestic abuse using digital communications held on mobile phones ii. to examine police and victim/survivor attitudes towards using AI in police investigations. Using digital conversations extracted from court transcriptions where TFCC was identified as a factor in the offending, the research team tested data sets built on different methods and techniques of AI. Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools, a subfield of AI, were also tested for their speed and accuracy in recognising abusive communication and identifying and risk assessing perpetrators of TFCC. Conscious of national concern about policing practices relating to Violence Against Women and Girls and that any AI programme would be futile without the co-operation of both the police and the public, two online surveys were devised to measure opinion. The first sought insight into the attitudes of victim/survivors, viewed as experts in domestic abuse, about using AI in police investigations. The second involved the police and questioned their views of using AI in this way.



Technology Facilitated Coercive Control, Artificial Intelligence, victim/survivors of domestic abuse, Natural Language Processing, Digital Information on mobile phones, Court Transcriptions as Data


Havard, T. et al. (2023) Using Artificial Intelligence to Identify Perpetrators of Technology Facilitated Coercive Control.


Research Institute