Characteristics and rates of mental health problems among Indian and White adolescents in two English cities.

Date

2013

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

British Journal of Psychiatry

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Background: Sampling techniques for national surveys have constrained the statistical power in estimating prevalence rates of child mental health problems in minority ethnic groups. Aims: To establish the prevalence rates of mental health problems in ethnic Indian adolescents in England and compare these with matched White adolescents living in the same areas. Method: A cross-sectional survey with oversampling of Indian adolescents aged 13–15 years of age. Results: The sample size was 2900 (71% response rate) with 1087 (37%) Indian and 414 (14%) White adolescents. Ethnically Indian adolescents had lower rates of all types of mental health problems (5% v. 13% and 21% v. 30% for abnormal Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire scores, respectively) and substance misuse (18% v. 57%, 5% v.15% and 6% v. 9% for regular alcohol, smoking and drug use, respectively), with the exception of eating disorders, compared with their White counterparts. The odds of an abnormal score on the mental health questionnaires were worse for White compared with Indian children irrespective of sociodemographic variables. Conclusions: Factors relating to how Indian adolescents are parented or their social support networks may be influencing their mental health and may warrant further investigation. Declaration of interest: None.

Description

Keywords

adolescent mental health, ethnicity, school research, quantitative, SDQ

Citation

Dogra, N., Svirydzenka, N., Dugard, P., Singh, S., and Vostanis, P. (2013) Characteristics and rates of mental health problems among Indian and White adolescents in two English cities. British Journal of Psychiatry, 203, pp. 44-50

Rights

Research Institute

Institute for Psychological Science
Mary Seacole Research Centre