Accommodating renewable generation through an aggregator-focused method for inducing demand side response from electricity consumers

Date

2013-05-30

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

1752-1416

Volume Title

Publisher

Institution of Engineering and Technology

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

The ability to influence electricity demand from domestic and small business consumers so that it can be matched to intermittent renewable generation and distribution network constraints is a key capability of a smart grid. This involves signalling to consumers to indicate when electricity use is desirable or undesirable. However simply signalling a time dependent price does not always achieve the required demand response and can result in unstable system behaviour. We propose a demand response scheme in which an aggregator mediates between the consumer and the market and provides a signal to a “smart home” control unit that manages the consumer’s appliances using a novel method for reconciliation of the consumer’s needs and preferences with the incentives supplied by the signal. This method involves random allocation of demand within timeslots acceptable to the consumer with a bias depending on the signal provided. By simulating a population of domestic consumers using heat pumps and electric vehicles with properties consistent with UK national statistics, we show the method allows total demand to be predicted and shaped in a way that can simultaneously match renewable generation and satisfy network constraints, leading to benefits from reduced use of peaking plant and avoided network reinforcement.

Description

Consortium project with Cranfield University The file attached is a postprint of a paper submitted to and accepted for publication in [journal] and is subject to Institution of Engineering and Technology Copyright. The copy of record is available at IET Digital Library"

Keywords

demand response, Demand side management, smart home, aggregator

Citation

Boait, P., Ardestani, B.M. and Snape, J.R. (2013) Accommodating renewable generation through an aggregator-focused method for inducing demand side response from electricity consumers. IET Renewable Power Generation, 7 (6), pp. 689-699

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)