A review of learning in biologically plausible spiking neural networks

Date

2019-10-11

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

0893-6080

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Artificial neural networks have been used as a powerful processing tool in various areas such as pattern recognition, control, robotics, and bioinformatics. Their wide applicability has encouraged researchers to improve artificial neural networks by investigating the biological brain. Neurological research has significantly progressed in recent years and continues to reveal new characteristics of biological neurons. New technologies can now capture temporal changes in the internal activity of the brain in more detail and help clarify the relationship between brain activity and the perception of a given stimulus. This new knowledge has led to a new type of artificial neural network, the Spiking Neural Network (SNN), that draws more faithfully on biological properties to provide higher processing abilities. A review of recent developments in learning of spiking neurons is presented in this paper. First the biological background of SNN learning algorithms is reviewed. The important elements of a learning algorithm such as the neuron model, synaptic plasticity, information encoding and SNN topologies are then presented. Then, a critical review of the state-of-the-art learning algorithms for SNNs using single and multiple spikes is presented. Additionally, deep spiking neural networks are reviewed, and challenges and opportunities in the SNN field are discussed.

Description

The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.

Keywords

Spiking neural network, Learning, Synaptic plasticity

Citation

Taherkhani, A., Belatreche, A., Li, Y., Cosma, G., Maguire, L.P., McGinnity, T.M. (2020) A review of learning in biologically pausible spiking neural networks. Neural Networks, 122, pp.253-272.

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)