Multi-objective optimization-based collective opinion generation with fairness concern

Abstract

The generation of collective opinion based on probability distribution function (PDF) aggregation is gradually becoming a critical approach for tackling immense and delicate assessment and evaluation tasks in decision analysis. However, the existing collective opinion generation approaches fail to model the behavioral characteristics associated with individuals, and thus, cannot reflect the fairness concerns among them when they consciously or unconsciously incorporate their judgments on the fairness level of distribution into the formulations of individual opinions. In this study, we propose a multiobjective optimization-driven collective opinion generation approach that generalizes the bi-objective optimization-based PDF aggregation paradigm. In doing so, we adapt the notion of fairness concern utility function to characterize the influence of fairness inclusion and take its maximization as an additional objective, together with the criteria of consensus and confidence levels, to achieve in generating collective opinion. The formulation of fairness concern is then transformed into the congregation of individual fairness concern utilities in the use of aggregation functions. We regard the generalized extended Bonferroni mean (BM) as an elaborated framework for aggregating individual fairness concern utilities. In such way, we establish the concept of BM-type collective fairness concern utility to empower multiobjective optimization-driven collective opinion generation approach with the capacity of modeling different structures associated with the expert group with fairness concern. The application of the proposed fairness-aware framework in the maturity assessment of building information modeling demonstrates the effectiveness and efficiency of multiobjective optimization-driven approach for generating collective opinion when accomplishing complicated assessment and evaluation tasks with data scarcity.

Description

open access article

Keywords

Behavioral sciences, Optimization, Task analysis, Probability distribution, Bayes methods, Probabilistic logic, Probability density function

Citation

Chen, Z-S., Zhu, Z., Herrera-Viedma, E., Wang, X-J., Chiclana, F., Skibniewski, M.J. (2023) Multi-objective optimization-based collective opinion generation with fairness concern. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics: Systems,

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)