Deriving Classifiers with Single and Multi-Label Rules using New Associative Classification Methods




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De Montfort University


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Peer reviewed


Associative Classification (AC) in data mining is a rule based approach that uses association rule techniques to construct accurate classification systems (classifiers). The majority of existing AC algorithms extract one class per rule and ignore other class labels even when they have large data representation. Thus, extending current AC algorithms to find and extract multi-label rules is promising research direction since new hidden knowledge is revealed for decision makers. Furthermore, the exponential growth of rules in AC has been investigated in this thesis aiming to minimise the number of candidate rules, and therefore reducing the classifier size so end-user can easily exploit and maintain it. Moreover, an investigation to both rule ranking and test data classification steps have been conducted in order to improve the performance of AC algorithms in regards to predictive accuracy. Overall, this thesis investigates different problems related to AC not limited to the ones listed above, and the results are new AC algorithms that devise single and multi-label rules from different applications data sets, together with comprehensive experimental results. To be exact, the first algorithm proposed named Multi-class Associative Classifier (MAC): This algorithm derives classifiers where each rule is connected with a single class from a training data set. MAC enhanced the rule discovery, rule ranking, rule filtering and classification of test data in AC. The second algorithm proposed is called Multi-label Classifier based Associative Classification (MCAC) that adds on MAC a novel rule discovery method which discovers multi-label rules from single label data without learning from parts of the training data set. These rules denote vital information ignored by most current AC algorithms which benefit both the end-user and the classifier’s predictive accuracy. Lastly, the vital problem related to web threats called “website phishing detection” was deeply investigated where a technical solution based on AC has been introduced in Chapter 6. Particularly, we were able to detect new type of knowledge and enhance the detection rate with respect to error rate using our proposed algorithms and against a large collected phishing data set.
Thorough experimental tests utilising large numbers of University of California Irvine (UCI) data sets and a variety of real application data collections related to website classification and trainer timetabling problems reveal that MAC and MCAC generates better quality classifiers if compared with other AC and rule based algorithms with respect to various evaluation measures, i.e. error rate, Label-Weight, Any-Label, number of rules, etc. This is mainly due to the different improvements related to rule discovery, rule filtering, rule sorting, classification step, and more importantly the new type of knowledge associated with the proposed algorithms. Most chapters in this thesis have been disseminated or under review in journals and refereed conference proceedings.



Class association rule, Classification, data mining, Phishing detection, Pattern recognition



Research Institute