A Nonstationary Wideband MIMO Channel Model for High-Mobility Intelligent Transportation Systems




Journal Title

Journal ISSN



Volume Title


IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems



Peer reviewed



The recent development of high-speed trains (HSTs), as a high-mobility intelligent transportation system, and the growing demands of broad-band services for HST users, introduce new challenges to wireless communication systems for HSTs. The deployment of mobile relay stations on top of the train carriages is one of the promising solutions for HST wireless systems. For a proper design and evaluation of HST wireless communication systems, we need accurate channel models that can mimic the underlying channel characteristics for different HST scenarios. In this paper, a novel nonstationary geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) is proposed for wideband multiple-input multiple-output HST channels in rural macrocell scenarios. The corresponding simulation model is then developed with angle parameters calculated by the modified method of equal areas. Both channel models can also be used to model nonstationary vehicle-to-infrastructure channels in vehicular communication networks. The system functions and statistical properties of the proposed channel models are investigated based on a theoretical framework that describes nonstationary channels. Numerical and simulation results demonstrate that the proposed channel models have the capability to characterize the nonstationarity of HST channels. The statistical properties of the simulation model, verified by the simulation results, can match those of the proposed theoretical GBSM. An excellent agreement is achieved between the stationary intervals of the proposed simulation model and those of relevant measurement data, demonstrating the utility of the proposed channel models.


The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.


Geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM), high-speed train (HST) channels, statistical properties, vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) channels, nonstationary MIMO channel models


Ghazal, A., Wang, C.X., Ai, B., Yuan, D. and Haas, H., (2015) A nonstationary wideband MIMO channel model for high-mobility intelligent transportation systems. IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems, 16 (2), pp. 885-897


Research Institute