Spatiotemporal release of VEGF from biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid microspheres induces angiogenesis in chick chorionic allantoic membrane assay

Abstract

While vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an acknowledged potent pro-angiogenic agent there is a need to deliver it at an appropriate concentration for several days to achieve angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to produce microspheres of biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) tailored to achieve sustained release of VEGF at an appropriate concentration over seven days, avoiding excessive unregulated release of VEGF that has been associated with the formation of leaky blood vessels. Several formulations were examined to produce microspheres loaded with both human serum albumin (HSA) and VEGF to achieve release of VEGF between 3 and 10 ng per ml for seven days to match the therapeutic window desired for angiogenesis. In vitro experiments showed an increase in endothelial cell proliferation in response to microspheres bearing VEGF. Similarly, when microspheres containing VEGF were added to the chorionic membrane of fertilised chicken eggs, there was an increase in the development of blood vessels over seven days in response, which was significant for microspheres bearing VEGF and HSA, but not VEGF alone. There was an increase in both blood vessel density and branching – both signs of proangiogenic activity. Further, there was clearly migration of cells to the VEGF loaded microspheres. In summary, we describe the development of an injectable delivery vehicle to achieve spatiotemporal release of physiologically relevant levels of VEGF for several days and demonstrate the angiogenic response to this. We propose that such a treatment vehicle would be suitable for the treatment of ischemic tissue or wounds.

Description

The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.

Keywords

Citation

Qutachi, O. et al. (2019) Spatiotemporal release of VEGF from biodegradable polylactic-co-glycolic acid microspheres induces angiogenesis in chick chorionic allantoic membrane assay. International Journal of Pharmaceutics. 561, pp. 236-243

Rights

Research Institute

Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)