A personalized feedback mechanism based on maximum harmony degree




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This article proposes a framework of personalized feedback mechanism to help multiple inconsistent experts to reach consensus in group decision making by allowing to select different feedback parameters according to individual consen- sus degree. The general harmony degree (GHD) is defined to determine the before/after feedback difference between the original and revised opinions. It is proved that the GHD index is monotonically decreasing with respect to the feedback parameter, which means that higher parameters values will result in higher changes of opinions. An optimisation model is built with the GHD as the objective function and the consensus thresholds as constraints, with solution being personalized feedback advices to the inconsistent experts that keep a balance between consensus (group aim) and independence (individual aim). This approach is, therefore, more reasonable than the unpersonalized feedback mechanisms in which the inconsistent experts are forced to adopt feedback generated with only consensus target without considering the extent of the changes acceptable by individual experts. Furthermore, the following interesting theoretical re- sults are also proved: (1) the personalized feedback mechanism guarantees that the increase of consensus level after feedback advices are implemented; (2) the GHD by the personalized feedback mechanism is higher than that of the unpersonalized one; and (3) the personalized feedback mechanism generalises the unpersonalized one as it is proved the latter is a particular type of the former. Finally, a numerical example is provided to model the feedback process and to corroborates these results when comparing both feedback mechanism approaches.


The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.



Cao, M., Wu, J. Chiclana, F. and Urena, R. and Herrera Viedma, E. (2021) A personalized feedback mechanism based on maximum harmony degree. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics: Systems, 51(10), pp. 6134-6146.


Research Institute

Institute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)