Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Vitamin D intake among UK BAME population: Findings from a cross-sectional survey.

Date

2021-09-10

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

0195-6663

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency is a known health problem in the UK due to limited Ultraviolet B sunlight in the winter months. Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic (BAME) groups are most at risk of Vit.D deficiency as darker skin produces far less Vit.D than lighter skin. Hence this study aimed to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices about Vit.D intake among UK BAME population. A cross-sectional survey was carried out using a questionnaire adapted from Amiri et al., (2017). A total of 311 participants (64 % female, mean age: 28±12.1 years) completed the survey. Vit.D’s Nutritional Knowledge mean score was 48.5% (±19.3). Muslim (63.3 %, p=.003) and Christian (64.3 %, p=.002) participants scored higher on Practice compared with No Religion (56.9%). Vit.D Practice scores did not differ among those reporting minimum, moderate, or maximum coverage as habitual attire. Half of the participants reported ‘always’ taking Vit.D supplements and about one-third were unaware of the benefits of taking Vit.D supplements. Only 10% reported ‘always’ consuming fish at least twice a week. Being older than 24 (OR:1.7; 95% CI:0.5–1.2; p=.031), Asian (OR:2.3; 95% CI:1.1–4.8; p=.024) and having an HE degree (OR:1.8; 95% CI:1.1–2.8; p=.013) predicted intake of Vit.D supplements. These findings suggest that Vit.D knowledge coupled with interventions reinforcing positive practices including the recommended Vit.D supplement throughout the year, would increase uptake of Vit.D among darker skin BAME population.

Description

Abstract

Keywords

Vitamin D, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Supplementation, BAME

Citation

Kamuyango, A.A., Mohammed, A. and Santos-Merx, L. (2021) Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Vitamin D intake among UK BAME population: Findings from a cross-sectional survey. Appetite, 169, 105517

Rights

Research Institute

Institute for Allied Health Sciences Research