Metonymy, category broadening and narrowing, and vertical polysemy

Date

2011

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

John Benjamins

Type

Book chapter

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

This chapter examines the relationship between metonymy and cases of category broadening and narrowing and the resulting state of vertical polysemy (e.g., cat ‘domestic cat’ > ‘any feline’ and drink ‘consume liquid’ > ‘consume alcohol’). Broadening and narrowing have been argued to be motivated by metonymic processes where a category member stands for the whole category or vice versa (Radden and Kövecses, 1999; cf. also Lakoff, 1987). Here, I show that there is a crucial difference between the domain structures involved in metonymy and in vertical polysemy. Unlike metonymies, broadening and narrowing do not involve a shift in the salience of domains (see Croft, 1993). Instead, I argue that there are four possible domain configurations that may underlie vertically related meanings.

Description

Keywords

linguistics, cognition, metonymy, polysemy

Citation

Koskela, A. (2011) Metonymy, category broadening and narrowing, and vertical polysemy. In: Benczes, R., et al. (eds.), Defining Metonymy in Cognitive Linguistics: Towards a consensus view. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. pp. 125–146

Rights

Research Institute

Institute of English