FNGOs and financial inclusion: investigating the impact of microcredit on employment growth in Ghana

Abstract

Financial non-governmental organizations (FNGOs) are regulated microfinance institutions that operate with a social welfare logic in the delivery of microcredit to the financially excluded in Ghana. The microcredit is aimed at supporting the financially excluded individuals to create sustainable micro and small enterprises (MSEs) for the generation of both skilled and unskilled employment. From the institutional theory perspective, this study aims at investigating the impact of microcredit provided by FNGOs on employment growth among MSEs in Ghana. The major contribution of this study is the fact that, there is a little study on FNGOs and their impact on employment growth in the Ghanaian context. Therefore, this is one of the few studies that highlights the role of FNGOs in promoting financial inclusion through the provision of microcredit for employment generation purposes. Through a multiple regression analysis, the study uses primary data collected from 506 MSEs in Ghana. The results show that microcredit which is flexible in repayment mode, accessible and adequate has a positive impact on employment generation among MSEs in Ghana. However, the current cost of microcredit in Ghana has a negative impact on employment growth among MSEs.

Description

The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.

Keywords

Employment Growth, FNGOs, Ghana, Micro and Small Enterprises, Microcredit, Financial Inclusiveness

Citation

Atiase, V.Y., Wang, Y., Mahmood, S. (2019) FNGOs and financial inclusion: investigating the impact of microcredit on employment growth in Ghana, The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 20(2), pp.90–106.

Rights

Research Institute

Finance and Banking Research Group (FiBRe)