A Parametric Method Optimised for the Solution of the (2+1)-Dimensional Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation

Date

2023-01-26

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

MDPI

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

We investigate the numerical solution of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in two spatial dimensions and one temporal dimension. We develop a parametric Runge–Kutta method with four of their coefficients considered as free parameters, and we provide the full process of constructing the method and the explicit formulas of all other coefficients. Consequently, we produce an adaptable method with four degrees of freedom, which permit further optimisation. In fact, with this methodology, we produce a family of methods, each of which can be tailored to a specific problem. We then optimise the new parametric method to obtain an optimal Runge–Kutta method that performs efficiently for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We perform a stability analysis, and utilise an exact dark soliton solution to measure the global error and mass error of the new method with and without the use of finite difference schemes for the spatial semi-discretisation. We also compare the efficiency of the new method and other numerical integrators, in terms of accuracy versus computational cost, revealing the superiority of the new method. The proposed methodology is general and can be applied to a variety of problems, without being limited to linear problems or problems with oscillatory/periodic solutions.

Description

open access article

Keywords

(2+1)-dimensional nonlinear Schrödinger equation, partial differential equations, parametric Runge–Kutta method, coefficient optimisation, global error

Citation

Anastassi, Z.A., Kosti, A.A. and Rufai, M.A. (2023) A Parametric Method Optimised for the Solution of the (2+1)-Dimensional Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation. Mathematics, 11 (3), 609

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Research Institute

Institute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)