Drugs of abuse in drinking water - a review of current detection methods, occurrence, elimination, and health risks.

Date

2016-09-28

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

This review focuses on the drugs of abuse in drinking water, as their presence is of increasing global concern and trace levels of these compounds have previously been detected. Even though these levels are not toxic with long term exposure via drinking water, they have the potential to bio accumulate and be in toxic to humans. In addition, transformation of these compounds during water treatment processes and their effect need further investigation as there are recent reports highlighting the increased toxicity to freshwater species. Currently there is limited information available on the detection of emerging drugs, therefore high resolution mass analyser could be a suitable alternative for non-target screening. Depending on the water treatment method used, the level of drugs of abuse detected can vary. Therefore, water regulatory bodies need to enforce more effective treatment methods for safe and sustainable drinking water.

Description

With partners from the Forensic and Investigative Science Research Group, Anglia Ruskin University

Keywords

Drugs of abuse, Novel psychoactive substances, Drinking water, Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry, Human Health

Citation

Peng, Y., Hall, S. and Gautam. L. (2016) Drugs of abuse in drinking water - a review of current detection methods, occurrence, elimination, and health risks. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 85, pp. 232–240

Rights

Research Institute

Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)