Aircraft parameter estimation using a stacked long short-term memory network and Levenberg-Marquardt method

Date

2023-09-09

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

1000-9361

Volume Title

Publisher

Elsevier

Type

Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

To effectively estimate the unknown aerodynamic parameters from the aircraft’s flight data, this paper proposes a novel aerodynamic parameter estimation method incorporating a stacked Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) network model and the Levenberg-Marquardt (LM) method. The stacked LSTM network model was designed to realize the aircraft dynamics modeling by utilizing a frame of nonlinear functional mapping based entirely on the measured input–output data of the aircraft system without requiring explicit postulation of the dynamics. The LM method combines the already-trained LSTM network model to optimize the unknown aerodynamic parameters. The proposed method is applied by using the real flight data, generated by ATTAS aircraft and a bio-inspired morphing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). The investigation reveals that for the two different flight data, the designed stacked LSTM network structure can maintain the efficacy of the network prediction capability only by appropriately adjusting the dropout rates of its hidden layers without changing other network parameters (i.e., the initial weights, initial biases, number of hidden cells, time-steps, learning rate, and number of training iterations). Besides, the proposed method’s effectiveness and potential are demonstrated by comparing the estimated results of the ATTAS aircraft or the bio-inspired morphing UAV with the corresponding reference values or wind-tunnel results.

Description

open access article

Keywords

Citation

Hui, Z. et al. (2024) Aircraft parameter estimation using a stacked long short-term memory network and Levenberg-Marquardt method. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, 37 (2), pp. 123-136

Rights

Research Institute