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dc.contributor.authorRolph, Catherine A.
dc.contributor.authorJefferson, Bruce
dc.contributor.authorBrookes, Adam
dc.contributor.authorHassard, Francis
dc.contributor.authorVilla, Raffaella
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-28T14:02:50Z
dc.date.available2020-09-28T14:02:50Z
dc.date.issued2020-07-06
dc.identifier.citationRolph, C. A. et al. (2020) Achieving drinking water compliance levels for metaldehyde with an acclimated sand bioreactor. Water Research, 184, 116084en
dc.identifier.urihttps://dora.dmu.ac.uk/handle/2086/20220
dc.descriptionThe file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.en
dc.description.abstractMetaldehyde removal was delivered to below the 0.1 µg L-1 regulatory concentration in a laboratory scale continuous upflow fluidised sand bioreactor that had undergone acclimation through selective enrichment for metaldehyde degradation. This is the first reported case of successful continuous flow biological treatment of metaldehyde from real drinking water sources treating environmentally realistic metaldehyde concentrations. The impact of the acclimation process was impermanent, with the duration of effective treatment directly related to the elevated concentration of metaldehyde used during the enrichment process. The efficacy of the approach was demonstrated in continuous flow columns at both laboratory and pilot scale enabling degradation rates of between 0.1 and 0.2 mg L-1 h-1. Future work needs to focus on optimisation of the sand bioreactor and the acclimation process to ensure viability and feasibility of the approach at full scale.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectUpflow fluidised sand bioreactoren
dc.subjectMicropollutant removalen
dc.subjectSelective enrichmenten
dc.subjectAcclimationen
dc.subjectPesticidesen
dc.titleAchieving drinking water compliance levels for metaldehyde with an acclimated sand bioreactoren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2020.116084
dc.peerreviewedYesen
dc.funderEPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)en
dc.projectidSTREAM Industrial Doctorate Centre (EP/G037094/1)en
dc.cclicenceCC-BY-NC-NDen
dc.date.acceptance2020-06-17
dc.researchinstituteInstitute of Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD)en
dc.exception.ref2021codes255ben
dc.funder.otherAnglian Wateren
dc.funder.otherYorkshire Wateren
dc.funder.otherWRcen


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