Comparative Study of Silicon Nanowires Grown From Ga, In, Sn, and Bi for Energy Harvesting
A high density of silicon nanowires for solar cell applications was fabricated on a single crystalline silicon wafer, using low eutectic temperature metal catalysts, namely, gallium, indium, tin, and bismuth. The use of silicon nanowires is exploited for light trapping with an aim to enhance the efficiency of solar cells. Additionally, we have optimized the deposition parameters so that there is merely deposition of amorphous silicon along with the growth of silicon nanowires. Thus, it may improve the stability of silicon-based solar cells. The different catalysts used are extensively discussed with experimental results indicating stable growth and highly efficient silicon nanowires for photovoltaic applications. To test the stability, we measured the open-circuit voltage for four hours and the change in voltage was ±0.05 V. The fabrication of all-crystalline silicon solar cells was demonstrated using the conventional mature industrial manufacturing process that is presently used for the amorphous silicon solar cells. To summarize, this research compares various post-transition metals as a catalyst for the growth of nanowires discussing their properties, and such silicon nanowires can be utilized in several other applications not only limited to photovoltaic research.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
Citation : Manjunathan, K. N., Salaoru, I., Milne, W.I. and Pauls, S. (2020) Comparative Study of Silicon Nanowires Grown From Ga, In, Sn, and Bi for Energy Harvesting. IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics,
ISSN : 2156-3403
Research Institute : Institute of Engineering Sciences (IES)
Peer Reviewed : Yes