Interaction of Low Molecular Weight Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate in Low Surfactant–Polyelectrolyte Ratio, Salt-Free Solutions
Coacervation is widely used in formulations to induce a beneficial character to the formulation, but nonequilibrium effects are often manifest. Electrophoretic NMR (eNMR), pulsed-gradient spin-echo NMR (PGSE-NMR), and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) have been used to quantify the interaction between low molecular cationic poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in aqueous solution as a model for the precursor state to such nonequilibrium processes. The NMR data show that, within the low surfactant concentration one-phase region, an increasing surfactant concentration leads to a reduction in the charge on the polymer and a collapse of its solution conformation, attaining minimum values coincident with the macroscopic phase separation boundary. Interpretation of the scattering data reveals how the rodlike polymer changes over the same surfactant concentration window, with no discernible fingerprint of micellar type aggregates, but rather with the emergence of disklike and lamellar structures. At the highest surfactant concentration, the emergence of a weak Bragg peak in both the polymer and surfactant scattering suggests these precursor disk and lamellar structures evolve into paracrystalline stacks which ultimately phase separate. Addition of the nonionic surfactant hexa(ethylene glycol) monododecyl ether (C12E6) to the system seems to have little effect on the PDADMAC/SDS interaction as determined by NMR, merely displacing the observed behavior to lower SDS concentrations, commensurate with the total SDS present in the system. In other words, PDADMAC causes the disruption of the mixed SDS/C12E6 micelle, leading to SDS-rich PDADAMC/surfactant complexes coexisting with C12E6-rich micelles in solution.
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Citation : Patel, L., Mansour, O., Bryant, H., Abdulahi, W., Dalgliesh, R., Griffiths, P. (2020) Interaction of Low Molecular Weight Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate in Low Surfactant–Polyelectrolyte Ratio, Salt-Free Solutions. Langmuir,
Research Institute : Leicester Institute for Pharmaceutical Innovation - From Molecules to Practice (LIPI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes
- Leicester School of Pharmacy