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dc.contributor.authorLin, Changhai
dc.contributor.authorSong, Zhengyu
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Sifeng
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yingjie
dc.contributor.authorForrest, Jeffrey
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-08T08:38:12Z
dc.date.available2020-07-08T08:38:12Z
dc.date.issued2020-05-20
dc.identifier.citationLin, C., Song, Z., Liu, S., Yang, Y. and Forrest, J. (2020) Study on mechanism and filter efficacy of AGO/IAGO in the frequency domain. Grey Systems: Theory and Application.en
dc.identifier.issn2043-9377
dc.identifier.urihttps://dora.dmu.ac.uk/handle/2086/19954
dc.descriptionThe file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.en
dc.description.abstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the mechanism and filter efficacy of accumulation generation operator (AGO)/inverse accumulation generation operator (IAGO) in the frequency domain. Design/methodology/approach – The AGO/IAGO in time domain will be transferred to the frequency domain by the Fourier transform. Based on the consistency of the mathematical expressions of the AGO/ IAGO in the gray system and the digital filter in digital signal processing, the equivalent filter model of the AGO/IAGO is established. The unique methods in digital signal processing systems “spectrum analysis” of AGO/IAGO are carried out in the frequency domain. Findings – Through the theoretical study and practical example, benefit of spectrum analysis is explained, and the mechanism and filter efficacy of AGO/IAGO are quantitatively analyzed. The study indicated that the AGO is particularly suitable to act on the system’s behavior time series in which the long period parts is the main factor. The acted sequence has good effect of noise immunity. Practical implications – The AGO/IAGO has a wonderful effect on the processing of some statistical data, e.g. most of the statistical data related to economic growth, crop production, climate and atmospheric changes are mainly affected by long period factors (i.e. low-frequency data), and most of the disturbances are shortperiod factors (high-frequency data). After processing by the 1-AGO, its high frequency content is suppressed, and its low frequency content is amplified. In terms of information theory, this two-way effect improves the signal-to-noise ratio greatly and reduces the proportion of noise/interference in the new sequence. Based on 1- AGO acting, the information mining and extrapolation prediction will have a good effect. Originality/value – The authors find that 1-AGO has a wonderful effect on the processing of data sequence. When the 1-AGO acts on a data sequence X, its low-pass filtering effect will benefit the information fluctuations removing and high-frequency noise/interference reduction, so the data shows a clear exponential change trends. However, it is not suitable for excessive use because its equivalent filter has poles at the non-periodic content. But, because of pol effect at zero frequency, the 1-AGO will greatly amplify the low-frequency information parts and suppress the high-frequency parts in the information at the same time.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEmeralden
dc.subjectAGOen
dc.subjectIAGOen
dc.subjectMechanismen
dc.subjectFilter efficacyen
dc.subjectSpectrum analysisen
dc.subjectDigital filteren
dc.titleStudy on mechanism and filter efficacy of AGO/IAGO in the frequency domainen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1108/gs-01-2020-0014
dc.peerreviewedYesen
dc.funderLeverhulme Trusten
dc.projectidIEC\NSFC\170391en
dc.projectidIN-2014–020en
dc.cclicenceCC-BY-NCen
dc.date.acceptance2020-04-15
dc.researchinstituteInstitute of Artificial Intelligence (IAI)en
dc.funder.otherRoyal Societyen


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