A Machine-Learning-Based Approach to Predict the Health Impacts of Commuting in Large Cities: Case Study of London
The daily commute represents a source of chronic stress that is positively correlated with physiological consequences, including increased blood pressure, heart rate, fatigue, and other negative mental and physical health effects. The purpose of this research is to investigate and predict the physiological effects of commuting in Greater London on the human body based on machine-learning approaches. For each participant, the data were collected for five consecutive working days, before and after the commute, using non-invasive wearable biosensor technology. Multimodal behaviour, analysis and synthesis are the subjects of major efforts in computing field to realise the successful human–human and human–agent interactions, especially for developing future intuitive technologies. Current analysis approaches still focus on individuals, while we are considering methodologies addressing groups as a whole. This research paper employs a pool of machine-learning approaches to predict and analyse the effect of commuting objectively. Comprehensive experimentation has been carried out to choose the best algorithmic structure that suit the problem in question. The results from this study suggest that whether the commuting period was short or long, all objective bio-signals (heat rate and blood pressure) were higher post-commute than pre-commute. In addition, the results match both the subjective evaluation obtained from the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule and the proposed objective evaluation of this study in relation to the correlation between the effect of commuting on bio-signals. Our findings provide further support for shorter commutes and using the healthier or active modes of transportation.
open access article
Citation : Raj Theeng Tamang, M., Sharif, M.S., Al-Bayatti, A.H., Alfakeeh, A.S., Omar Alsayed, A. (2020) A Machine-Learning-Based Approach to Predict the Health Impacts of Commuting in Large Cities: Case Study of London. Symmetry, 12, 866.
Research Institute : Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes