How Can National Governance affect Education Quality in Western Europe?
Purpose – As the international society faces unprecedented challenges associated with resource scarcity, governance scandals, increasing injustice and inequality, new opportunities for higher education institutions are emerging. This paper investigates the association between national governance standards and education quality across nine western European countries; namely, the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Finland, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark, and Ireland. Design/methodology/approach - Using panel data from 2002 to 2017, this article employs fixed-effects and random-effects models to examine the relationship between national governance (proxied by voice and accountability indicator) and education quality (proxied by Human Development Index: Education index). This analysis is supplemented with conducting Instrumental Variable (IV) estimations to address any concerns regarding the expected occurrence of endogeneity problems. Findings - Our findings are suggestive of a significant and positive relationship between national governance and education quality in Europe. This implies that national governance standards, such as voice and accountability, are essential actors in the enhancement of the quality of educational institutions outcomes. Policy and Practitioner Implications - Policymakers should implement stricter regulations and ensure that accountability indicators are motivated if they wish to increase the spending on education, which is associated with better qualities of educational institutions. A culture of continuous review of education policies needs to be upheld in the Western Europe region to be watchful of any emerging problems while maintaining a sustainable relationship between the rule of law and the education administration. Originality/value - So far, a minimal number of studies focused on examining the role of country-level governance in advancing education quality. This study, therefore, extends the body of prior literature by investigating the possible effect of national governance structures on education quality across a sample of Western European countries.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
Citation : Gerged, A. and Elheddad, M. (2020) How Can National Governance affect Education Quality in Western Europe? International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 21 (3), pp. 413-426
Research Institute : Centre for Research in Accountability, Governance and Sustainability (CRAGS)
Peer Reviewed : Yes