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dc.contributor.authorSantoro, Ilaria
dc.contributor.authorSors, Fabrizio
dc.contributor.authorMingolo, Serena
dc.contributor.authorPrpic, Valter
dc.contributor.authorGrassi, Michele
dc.contributor.authorAgostini, Tiziano
dc.contributor.authorMurgia, Mauro
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-21T10:03:33Z
dc.date.available2019-11-21T10:03:33Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationSantoro, I., Sors, F., Mingolo, S., Prpic, V., Grassi, M., Agostini, T., Murgia, M. (2019) The Influence of Encoding and Testing Directions on Retrieval of Spatial Information in Explored and Described Environments. The Journal of General Psychology,en
dc.identifier.issn0022-1309
dc.identifier.urihttps://dora.dmu.ac.uk/handle/2086/18852
dc.descriptionThe file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version.en
dc.description.abstractThe verbal descriptions of an environment elicit a spatial mental model, in which the linear disposition of the described objects might be related to the properties of the description. In particular the direction from which the environment is encoded might shape the spatial mental model, as a consequence of a cultural bias in reading and writing direction. The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of the direction in which objects are encoded on the retrieval of spatial information. In two experiments we asked participants to encode an environment through either physical exploration or verbal description, that are encoding modalities which preserve the sequential presentation of spatial information. We manipulated both the encoding and testing directions of the spatial information, and tested participants by using a two-alternative forced choice task. In both experiments, the results did not reveal any significant effect, disconfirming the idea of the left-right cultural bias for western people for this type of task. The lack of effect suggests that encoding an environment through physical movement and verbal descriptions determines the development of a mental representation which is relatively independent from encoding sequential order.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.subjectCognitionen
dc.subjectMovementen
dc.subjectSpatial representationen
dc.subjectMental Modelsen
dc.titleThe Influence of Encoding and Testing Directions on Retrieval of Spatial Information in Explored and Described Environmentsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2019.1696741
dc.funderNo external funderen
dc.cclicenceCC-BY-NCen
dc.date.acceptance2019-11-19
dc.researchinstituteInstitute for Psychological Scienceen


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