Silicon, as an electronic material, has played an enormous role in promoting the modern technical evolution in almost all fields. And, needless to say, it will continue its leadership until a better material is found. We are currently going through an exploration period to search out alternative materials. A number of different materials are have been proposed as challengers, but silicon (Si) is still the front runner, as far as complementary metaloxide- semiconductor (CMOS) technologies is concerned. Silicon is widely used in electronic industries in a number of forms, such as the amorphous silicon used in thin-film transistors (TFTs) in liquid-crystal display units, poly-silicon can be found in flash memory structures and photovoltaic solar cells, and single crystals are predominately used in CMOS technologies. Among the various forms of silicon embodiments, silicon nano-structures – for example, silicon nanowires – are also currently being explored, and for the last a few decades, there has been intense interest in how toprepare nanometre scale silicon.
Citation : Paul, S. (2019) Silicon Rising. Materials Magazine, March.
Research Institute : Institute of Engineering Sciences (IES)
Peer Reviewed : No