Biotransformation of chrysin to baicalein: Selective C6- hydroxylation of 5,7-dihydroxyflavone using whole yeast cells stably expressing human CYP1A1 enzyme
Naturally occurring polyphenolic compounds are of medicinal importance because of their unique antioxidant, anticancer and chemopreventive properties. Baicalein, a naturally occurring polyhydroxy flavonoid possessing a diverse range of pharmacological activities, has been used in traditional medicines for treatment of various ailments. Apart from its isolation from natural sources, its synthesis has been reported via multi-step chemical approaches. Here we report a preparative-scale biotransformation, using whole yeast cells stably expressing human cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) enzyme, that allows regioselective C6-hydroxylation of 5,7-dihydroxyflavone (chrysin) to form 5,6,7- trihydroxyflavone (baicalein). Molecular modelling reveals why chrysin undergoes such specific hydroxylation mediated by CYP1A1. More than 92% reaction completion was obtained using a shake flask based process that mimics fed-batch fermentation. Such highly efficient selective hydroxylation, using recombinant yeast cells, has not been reported earlier. Similar CYP-expressing yeast cell-based systems are likely to have wider applications in the syntheses of medicinally important polyphenolic compounds
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Citation : Williams, I. S. et al. (2017) Biotransformation of chrysin to baicalein: Selective C6- hydroxylation of 5,7-dihydroxyflavone using whole yeast cells stably expressing human CYP1A1 enzyme. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 65(34), pp.7440-7446.
ISSN : 0021-8561