Privacy in the Smart City - Applications, Technologies, Challenges and Solutions
Many modern cities strive to integrate information technology into every aspect of city life to create so-called smart cities. Smart cities rely on a large number of application areas and technologies to realize complex interactions between citizens, third parties, and city departments. This overwhelming complexity is one reason why holistic privacy protection only rarely enters the picture. A lack of privacy can result in discrimination and social sorting, creating a fundamentally unequal society. To prevent this, we believe that a better understanding of smart cities and their privacy implications is needed. We therefore systematize the application areas, enabling technologies, privacy types, attackers and data sources for the attacks, giving structure to the fuzzy term “smart city”. Based on our taxonomies, we describe existing privacy-enhancing technologies, review the state of the art in real cities around the world, and discuss promising future research directions. Our survey can serve as a reference guide, contributing to the development of privacy-friendly smart cities.
Citation : Eckhoff, D. and Wagner, I. (2017) Privacy in the Smart City - Applications, Technologies, Challenges and Solutions. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 20 (1), pp. 489-516
Research Group : Cyber Security Centre
Research Institute : Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes