Proportional Systems in the Design of the Cathedral of St. George of the Greeks, Cyprus
The cathedral of St. George of the Greeks was built in the 14th – 15th c. in Famagusta, Cyprus to accommodate the religious needs of the Greek orthodox community living under a Frankish aristocracy. Its design is a hybrid of western European and Greek orthodox architectural traditions which reflect the political and social circumstances of its creation. This paper examines the degree to which the underlying design methods employed can be extrapolat-ed from the physical remains of the building, the historical sources bearing upon its interpretation and comparisons with related structures. Results are presented of a recent (2016) photogrammetric survey of the building and a new digital reconstruction of the church derived from it. These are used to quantify, assess and illustrate a three dimensional armature of regulatory proportions which it is proposed for reasons of ecclesiastical philosophy and practical execution, were employed to shape the building’s physical form.
This publication arose from new and original digital survey work carried out in the north of Cyprus by Romylos Irodotou as part of his De Montfort University MArch dissertation in 2016. From the photogrammetry survey data the authors reconstructed the cathedral church of St George of the Greeks and undertook a historical and proportional analysis of it drawing on wide range of sources and placing its concept and development within a broader context of late medieval architectural practice and orthodox Christian belief. The publication is a significant contribution to the study of byzantine/Christian orthodox architecture in the Levant and proposes a novel design hypothesis based on number and geometry for the characteristic hybrid aisled cross-in-square plan found in churches of this period in this region.
Citation : Cawthorne, D. and Irodotou R. (2016) Proportional Systems in the Design of the Cathedral of St George of the Greeks, Cyprus. Euromed 2016, in Proceedings of 6th International Conference, EuroMed 2016, 2016Digital Heritage. Progress in Cultural Heritage: Documentation, Preservation, and Protection 31st October – 5th November, Nicosia Cyprus. Springer International Publishing AG. M Ioannides et al., Editors. Euromed 2016, Part 1, Volume 10058 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS), http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-48496-9_3
ISBN : 9783319484952
Research Group : Digital Building Heritage Group
Peer Reviewed : Yes