School of Art, Design and Architecture

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  • ItemOpen Access
    A Scientometric Review of Present and Future Trends of Embedded Systems in the Built Environment
    (Springer, 2023-11-08) Ikuabe, M.; Aigbavboa, C.; Oke, A.; Aghimien, D.
    This study presents a scientometric review conducted to define and delineate utilization of embedded systems in construction project delivery. This was done with the view of providing directions for future studies as well as stimulating a wider debate among construction stakeholders on the use of embedded systems in the industry. The study adopted an interpretivist philosophical view using an inductive approach and a grounded theory strategy. The data used were secondary in nature and were gathered from the Scopus database using specific related keywords. Co-occurrence maps were further created based on the bibliographic data gathered using the VOSviewer text mining software. Three clusters of co-occurring keywords were formed from the analysis, and these are labelled as sensor network systems and models, real-time systems and designs, and construction process automation. The study opens a new vista in the deliberations of the studies on technological innovations in the built environment.
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    Anarchism: war, violence and scapegoating
    (Springer Link, 2024-06-22) Stevens, Simon; Kinna, Ruth
    This article gives an anarchist account of politics as war to theorise an anarchist Realpolitik. Mikhail Vereshchagin’s killing in War and Peace provides the springboard to review the claim that sovereign power secures peace and to explore the merit of scapegoating. We elaborate the anarchist account of politics as war by juxtaposing Foucault’s and Proudhon’s interpretations of Hobbes’ sovereign and adopt the term ‘reverse ethics’ to describe the proposal that citizens retain the philosophical right to forcefully disrupt the state’s supposed peace. The anarchist embrace of war conflicts with the common view that anarchism’s alignment of the means and ends of political action commits anarchists to reject violence. To meet this objection, we discuss Frazer and Hutchings’ theorisation of anarchist ambivalence. We argue that reverse ethics complicates tensions between the presumption of non-violence and the critique of state violence. To consider the use of force in liberal democracy, we connect reverse ethics to Hyams’ anarchist defence of upward scapegoating and targeted assassination. Considering applications in contemporary politics, we argue that reverse ethics constructively redirects attention from the need to justify political violence to the demand to hold sovereign power to its contractual obligation. This is anarchist Realpolitik.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Daylighting through Electrochromic Glazing under Overcast Skies: Impacts on Visual Task Performance and Perception
    (Taylor and Francis, 2024-06-21) Abdelwahab, Sahar; Altomonte, Sergio
    Electrochromic (EC) glazing allows modulating the intensity of visual and solar transmission by dynamically switching between bleached (clear) and tinted (coloured) states, leading to changes in spectral power distribution (SPD), correlated colour temperature (CCT), and illuminance of the incoming daylight. In this experimental study, we investigated the impact of spectral composition of daylight filtered through a 6-pane EC façade on visual task performance and visual perception. In a semi-controlled test room, nineteen subjects were exposed to five setting scenarios of the EC façade (fully bleached, mixed setting after fully bleached, fully tinted, mixed setting after fully tinted, and user-controlled). Test subjects performed a series of visual tasks, and their assessments of the indoor environment and of the outside view were collected along with luminous and spectral measurements under each condition. The analysis provided statistical evidence that the changes in spectral composition of daylight do not have a practically relevant effect on visual task performance in terms of visual acuity and colour naming accuracy. However, the daylight filtered through the fully tinted glazing had a substantive impact on visual perception, evoking negative responses to the colour rendering of the indoor environment and of the outside view. A mixed settings of the EC façade could improve a natural assessment of the incoming light compared to the fully tinted state, achieving better ratings in terms of perception of the indoor and outdoor environments. When given control of the EC glazing, subjects expressed higher acceptance and satisfaction compared to the tinted and mixed scenarios.
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    The Disobedient Body
    (Finnish Museum of Photography, 2024-01) Morris-Cafiero, Haley
    The body has historically been the site of societal control, discipline and political resistance in the West. In our current attention economy, an “ideal” body is not only a source of social capital. In addition, striving for, obtaining and maintaining an ideal body seems to have become a virtue. Haley Morris-Cafiero uses her photography as a form of activism in the struggle against discrimination and social invisibility. The exhibition invites us to contemplate how our societal norms construct and affect the way in which we see and ignore not only certain people, but the actions directed at them.
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    Proposals on Enchantment
    (Glasgow School of Art, 2021-08-21) Streffen, Isabella
    Prepare for the closest of all readings, the reading where we crawl over the text; the intravenous reading, the leaky, intimate encounter with a text that flows into and through, gathering molecules, flavours, filters and frameworks before story and myth fountain out. Prepare for the performance of words of intent, of words of power, of things which slip into speech, of where speech does things beyond gesture. Here, I will endeavour to make something that does not speak of enchantment, but manifests enchantment, and maybe we’ll find out what it means to be enchanted through the doing of it; and maybe we’ll free ourselves from being enchanted by the doing of it; and maybe we’ll just re-enchant ourselves by the doing of it. As though the word brings on the event, as though the fact of the word is the destiny, as if the act of swapping is meaning itself emerging, as if the swapping is the precondition. Where does this activation take place? In the neurological flicker that runs from brain to finger, in the reading, or the re-reading, or the re-writing, where the words slip from tongue to lip, from unsaid to spoken, from hiatus to realisation, from precursor to utterance, from nothing to something, from haunting to performance?
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    Fabulae: How It Begins
    (Ma Bibliothèque, 2022-07) Streffen, Isabella
    FABULAE is an experiment in close reading, responding to the question of beginning with a challenge to the philosophy of myth. With Roberto Calasso as her intimate companion, Isabella Streffen appropriates Calasso’s Marriage of Cadmus & Harmony, using his methods to counter his text by foregrounding re-reading, inserting the silent, absent voices of women, connecting the foundation of narrative to contemporary discussions of structural violence, gender, and consent. FABULAE interrogates semiotics, gambles with theology, questions beauty, necessity, mortality, consciousness, form, possession, truth, and art. It reframes mythic gesture, authority, ceremony, paradise, and the birth of language. The reader meets a complicated man, wanders through Ariadne’s fates, encounters the Pythia, the Atreidae, Persephone, the Gods of the Silent Pact, and the doubling of Athena and Helen. The telling of stories begins with a dispute over a girl, a slip of tense, a distraction, a switch. Its characters change and the exchange is the condition of narrative. The rest is slippery radiance.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Eye-Tracking Assistive Technologies for Individuals With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
    (IEEE Access, 2022-04-01) Morris-Cafiero, H.; Edughele, H.; Zhang, Y.; Muhammad-Sukki, F.; Vien, Q.; Opoku Agyeman, M.
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS, is a progressive nervous system disorder that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, resulting in the loss of muscle control. For individuals with ALS, where mobility is limited to the movement of the eyes, the use of eye-tracking-based applications can be applied to achieve some basic tasks with certain digital interfaces. This paper presents a review of existing eye-tracking software and hardware through which eye-tracking their application is sketched as an assistive technology to cope with ALS. Eye-tracking also provides a suitable alternative as control of game elements. Furthermore, artificial intelligence has been utilised to improve eye-tracking technology with significant improvement in calibration and accuracy. Gaps in literature are highlighted in the study to offer a direction for future research.
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    Don't Leave Me This Way
    (Zoo Indigo, 2023-02-02) Garton, Rosie
    In 2019, Zoo Indigo embarked on an odyssey across Europe; searching for cultural identity along the shores of the Danube in Budapest;  crossing the Irish sea retracing ancestral footsteps to the docks of Dun Laoghaire. Emerging from the shadow of Brexit, they listened for echoes of cultural belonging in the streets of Berlin.   Collecting stories, folk dances and lyrics along the way, their journey now brings them to their final call: Auditioning for a motherland in Don’t  Leave Me This Way, the duo perform a series of citizenship catwalks to live music from Rob Rosa and digital projections by Barret Hodgson.  This contemporary performance spoken in English, German and Hungarian is a concert that never quite happens, grieving the loss of identity, home and mourn ‘nul points’ in the Eurovision song contest, in a playful and provocative exploration of cultural belonging.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Viaduct (2022)
    (2022-09-15) Pell, Matthew
  • ItemOpen Access
    Sound Bridges 1
    (2021-06-18) Pell, Matthew
  • ItemOpen Access
    PICTURING CLIMATE: Steps Towards Embedding Artistic Practice into Climate Change Research
    (AMPS Proceedings, 2024) Kasumovic, Mark
    Climate change represents a paramount challenge within the contemporary era, marking a critical juncture in human history. From shifting weather patterns that threaten food systems, to rising sea levels that increase the risk of catastrophic flooding, the impacts of climate change are global in scope and unprecedented in scale. Without drastic action today, adapting to these impacts in the future will be more difficult and costly. However, much of the science that predicts and models climate systems and climate change is not typically seen by publics and therefore remains mystified in popular culture, hidden behind specialist terminologies. This lack of engagement with climate science could be improved by introducing new ways for climate scientists to engage with the public by employing the creativity found within the visual arts. Communication as a multidisciplinary endeavour and its ability to educate and inform the public remains a critical tool as we reach such a crisis. This paper proposes that a potential way to achieve deeper cultural communication of climate science is to establish ways of demystifying and ‘picturing’ the complexities of climate by directly embedding artistic practice into climate change research, employing an interdisciplinary approach to exploring, encouraging and enhancing collaboration between visual artists and climate science communities. This can result in a greater connection between climate science and communities by bridging the gap between specialist knowledge and public understanding of critical issues via a visual language. This paper acknowledges the principle that understanding the anthropogenic cause of climate change is the strongest predictor of climate change risk perceptions. Thus, raising climate literacy through a shared cultural vocabulary is vital to public engagement and support for climate actions. A shift from representing the past effects of climate change through alarming imagery to one more representative of how climates are understood and studied (such as via prediction, modelling and curiosity) can help shift the perception of climate change from ‘unchangeable’ to that of a participatory problem that can be overcome through collaboration.
  • ItemEmbargo
    The Bully Pulpit
    (2019) Morris-Cafiero, Haley
    The Bully Pulpit utilises self-portrait photography to explore non-textual responses to cyberbullying occurring on social media platforms and other websites. Working with constructed photographic methods, Morris-Cafiero costumed herself to look like 25 of her cyberbullies and inserted their bullying comment in the image. Due to the content delivery network, a system of computers that connects users to current and historical internet content, images exist on the internet indefinitely. By exploring a non-textual response to bullies, this act of anti-bullying cannot be removed or edited by the bully. The research began in 2013 with the collection of bullying comments on mainstream and social media posts, emails and blogs. From 2013 to 2016, over 4,300 messages were collected from a variety of sources. In 2018, a pool of 60 bullies were identified for further investigation. The final group of 25 bullies were chosen to create a pool that represents bullies from a wide range of locations, age (13-70), perspective of bullying comment and visual data available on their social media profiles. This research contributes new knowledge to photographic practices that use social media as a tool for production and cyberbullying in relation to body politics and feminist discourses of female beauty standards.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Bridges 105C, 105D, 106, 107 (2019)
    (2020-08-27) Pell, Matthew
  • ItemOpen Access
    In Genderqueer Closets: Challenging Gender Binarism through Embodied Narratives of Affect and Style
    (Taylor and Francis, 2024-06-04) Marquez-Gallardo, S. L.; Rovira-Lorente, Ariadna
    “Queer,” once a derogatory term to refer to sexual minorities, has been recently celebrated as “the fashion avant-garde of our times” through genderqueer self-expression. Despite increased visibility in fashion, research on the feelings and daily practices surrounding genderqueer style remains scarce. This paper addresses this gap by exploring the everyday practices and emotions of non-binary individuals, using the wardrobe as a conceptual framework. Genderqueer forms of self-expression, despite its emergence, has been notably under-explored. In order to address this gap, we ask the question- how do non-binary people assemble their styles in relation to how they feel? We respond to this question through a case study involving thirteen in-depth interviews and social media analysis exploring how non-binary people style themselves, navigate societal constraints, and emotionally engage with clothing. Findings suggest that non-binary individuals assemble their styles to achieve bold contrast, resisting gender norms and navigating the gender spectrum as an exercise of self-acceptance. Their wardrobe assembly is a form of self-identification and self-expression, influenced by spatial considerations that can amplify or conceal gender expression. By theorizing these practices, this study contributes to understanding diverse gender identities in fashion studies and deepens our understanding of fashion and affects.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Borders of Precints: Unpacking the Politics of White Neighourhood Identities in the Post-Apartheid Black City
    (Springer, 2023-06-01) Hendricks, D.; Martinez Perez, A.
    The middle-income white precinct in Melville, South Africa, and Johannesburg's predominantly black post-apartheid city are still separate entities. This threatens the democratic production of space in a post-apartheid city like Johannesburg. Through a city-funded “bottom-up” approach, the Johannesburg Development Agency (JDA) funded a Community Participatory Design (CPD) project, known as the Melville Precinct Plan. This plan involving the Melville Residents Association (MRA) helped voice a different opinion about how the urban area is envisioned concerning the Strategic Area Framework (SAF) set out by the City of Johannesburg. Several questions were central to this research. First, why does the MRA disagree with the Metropolitan Development Framework? To what extent do race and fear play a part in the argument? Second, how can a sustainable and equitable post-apartheid city be achieved? Third, what are the values of the government? How do they relate to policies, filter down to the municipal level, and make a difference on communities on an urban level? (Marinova and Hossain, 2013, p. 347). The relationship between pro-liberal urban development and planning projects and the responses of a resistant minority group in Johannesburg in 2017 are considered in this light. The post-apartheid city and the pertinent arguments for and against development are contextualized. What kind of development is important on the city's borders, what fears are synonymous with that, and unfair and exclusionary practices are also considered? Melville Precinct Plan serves as a case study to examine its framing policies and the general outcomes to unpack how the borders, peripherals and edges are used politically to undermine generous public participation processes in planning a new vision of a community
  • ItemOpen Access
    Malaga through the eyes of the barrio of El Molinillo
    (Lettera Ventifue Edizioni; Siracusa; Italy, 2022-12-01) Martinez Perez, A,
    This research proposal will focus on the city of Malaga, in Andalucia in Southern Spain as a case study inside the MedWay programme. The city of Malaga, with its privileged position by the Mediterranean, showcase not only the Industrial and geographical position in the Mare Nostrum but also an example of all the cultures that merged in this sea, from the Moors, Catholics etc to an example of being an International tourist destination and transport Hub of the Costa del Sol. This proposition will look at the series of urban episodes and working together with the main frame of the programme will seek to investigate also the urban and cultural episodes in the case study focusing on the working class neighbourhood of El Molinillo in the city centre.
  • ItemOpen Access
    The Bilbao effect beyond the Guggenheim Museum Urban and social renewal of a Metropolis from green-blue and grey infrastructure
    (Routledge, 2023-06-01) Martinez Perez, A.; Moreno Sanz, J.
    Traditionally, the Nervión river has infuenced the urban network of Bilbao, from a functional, social, and environmental point of view. This chapter aims to expose the role that the river has played in the spatial planning of the Bilbao Metropolitano as both a cohesive territorial agent and an element of social segregation. It historically reviews the urban development of Bilbao and its estuary, focusing on the economic and social crises of the last quarter of the twentieth century and the urban transformation process of the last decades. The chapter has three sections. The first section discusses the history of Bilbao and the consequences of the economic crisis of the 1970s that prompted the ‘Bilbao model’. The second part focuses on the history of the metropolitan development of Bilbao by reviewing the management plans proposed since 1925. The last section highlights the role of grey infrastructure, complementing the blue, in building a new metropolitan social consciousness. The gray infrastructure related to public transport and the blue infrastructure to the river are the key pieces for the social and environmental rebalancing of Bilbao Metropolitano.
  • ItemEmbargo
    Man and Place: Creative Design Transformations
    (Springer, 2024-05-11) Abdelwahab, Sahar; Hanafy, Dalai; Mayhoub, Mohammed; Labib, Rania
    Lighting research has recently seen an increase in interest in the invisible effects of lighting on human performance, health, and well-being. In this paper, a systematic literature review was conducted to gather research evidence on the non-visual effects of lighting on the elderly in terms of sleep, mood, and alertness. This study aims to investigate the lighting scenarios that have previously been tested on older adults and identify the most effective lighting scenarios that improve elderly sleep, mood, and alertness. The literature review included 24 studies with widely disparate results. Dynamic lighting scenarios and lighting interventions tailored to affect the circadian system (CS) seem to be the most effective in improving sleep and mood for older adults. On the other hand, the effect of lighting on the alertness of the elderly is still not fully understood due to a lack of relevant research. The review offers suggestions and recommendations for lighting scenarios for the elderly based on research-evidence-based criteria and strategies. It is recommended to intensify future research in this emerging field to develop specific and precise standards that can be used to create an environment that satisfies the elderly’s non-visual needs.
  • ItemOpen Access
    Nostalgia Interview with Chris Deacy
    (Audio Boom, 2024-04-07) Mei-Li Smith, Sabrina
    Sabrina has written a novel set in the mid-1990s and some of the research behind her novel is heavily connected to the themes of nostalgia and identity. We learn about the way Sabrina examines themes of race and gender within the accepted narrative that surrounds the rise and demise of Britpop, the emergence of 1994's Criminal Justice Act, and the standardization and neutralization of alternative lifestyles. Sabrina also has an exhibition as a work in progress, which focuses on her novel's research materials. This exhibition consists of archive materials from NME, Melody Maker, and fanzines as a method of communication before the widespread use of the internet. Sabrina talks about the hidden histories of mixed-race performers and how we only tend to remember one accepted narrative, and we discuss what has changed over the decades and the fake and distorted memories from those eras, including the extent to which memory is a fallible tool. Sabrina also talks about Walter Benjamin’s collection of arcades in Paris and how until 10 years ago all of the characters in her writing were white, female, and middle class.
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    A Novel Modeling Approach to Quantify the Flood Resilience of Cities
    (MDPI, 2024-04-07) Proverbs, David; Xu, Wenping; Du, Wenwen; Cai, Xinyan
    In recent years, large-scale flood events have occurred more frequently, and the concept of resilience has become a prevalent approach to managing flood risk in many regions. This has led to an increased interest in how to effectively measure a city’s flood resilience levels. This study proposes a novel modeling approach to quantify urban flood resilience by developing D-number theory and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) models, which are applied to three cities in China using the VIse Kriterijumski Optimizacioni Racun (VIKOR) method. The findings reveal that Hefei City has the most effective level of flood resilience, Hangzhou City was ranked second, while Zhengzhou City has the least effective level of flood resilience. This study provides a new scientific basis on how to quantify flood resilience at the city scale and provides a useful reference for these three specific cities. The methods and approaches developed in this study have the potential to be applied to other cities and in the related aspects of disaster prevention, recovery, and reconstruction.