Incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary through brief multi-modal exposure.

Date

2013

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Article

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

First language acquisition requires relatively little effort compared to foreign language acquisition and happens more naturally through informal learning. Informal exposure can also benefit foreign language learning, although evidence for this has been limited to speech perception and production. An important question is whether informal exposure to spoken foreign language also leads to vocabulary learning through the creation of form-meaning links. Here we tested the impact of exposure to foreign language words presented with pictures in an incidental learning phase on subsequent explicit foreign language learning. In the explicit learning phase, we asked adults to learn translation equivalents of foreign language words, some of which had appeared in the incidental learning phase. Results revealed rapid learning of the foreign language words in the incidental learning phase showing that informal exposure to multi-modal foreign language leads to foreign language vocabulary acquisition. The creation of form-meaning links during the incidental learning phase is discussed.

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Citation

Bisson, M.-J., van Heuven, W.J.B., Conklin, K. and Tunney, R.J. (2013) Incidental acquisition of foreign language vocabulary through brief multi-modal exposure. PLoS ONE. 8 (4), e60912

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Research Institute

Institute for Psychological Science