Artificial Intelligence in the European Union: policy, ethics and regulation

Date

2021

Advisors

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Routledge

Type

Book chapter

Peer reviewed

Yes

Abstract

In the context of recent advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and launch of AI policy documents and ethics guidelines around the world, since 2017, the European Union (EU) is developing its approach to AI. This chapter examines the key EU AI policy documents and the way the EU is positioning its AI policy vis-à-vis other global players. It draws on ‘Europe as a power’ debate and in particular on the concepts of Normative Power Europe and Market Power Europe to examine if in its approach to AI the EU prioritizes its norms or rather its market power. In the EU policy documents the elements of both normative and market power are closely intertwined. The EU attempts to project itself globally as a Normative Power Europe promoting its value-based and human-centric approach based and ethics guidelines for Trustworthy AI. These are closely connected with the EU’s ambitions to be a Market Power with appropriate regulation and investments which could also support implementation of its values and norms.

Description

open access book chapter

Keywords

Artificial Intelligence, European Union, Public Policy, Ethics, Regulation

Citation

Ulnicane, I. (2021) Artificial Intelligence in the European Union: policy, ethics and regulation. In: Hoerber, T., Cabras, I. and Weber, G.(Eds.) Routledge Handbook of European Integrations, Abingdon: Routledge, pp.254-269.

Rights

Research Institute

Centre for Computing and Social Responsibility (CCSR)