Modern software cybernetics: New trends




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Peer reviewed



Software cybernetics research is to apply a variety of techniques from cybernetics research to software engineering research. For more than fifteen years since 2001, there has been a dramatic increase in work relating to software cybernetics. From cybernetics viewpoint, the work is mainly on the first-order level, namely, the software under observation and control. Beyond the first-order cybernetics, the software, developers/users, and running environments influence each other and thus create feedback to form more complicated systems. We classify software cybernetics as Software Cybernetics I based on the first-order cybernetics, and as Software Cybernetics II based on the higher order cybernetics. This paper provides a review of the literature on software cybernetics, particularly focusing on the transition from Software Cybernetics I to Software Cybernetics II. The results of the survey indicate that some new research areas such as Internet of Things, big data, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems, and even creative computing are related to Software Cybernetics II. The paper identifies the relationships between the techniques of Software Cybernetics II applied and the new research areas to which they have been applied, formulates research problems and challenges of software cybernetics with the application of principles of Phase II of software cybernetics; identifies and highlights new research trends of software cybernetic for further research.


The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.


Software Cybernetics, Control Engineering, Software Engineering, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence


Yang, H., Chen, F. and Aliyu, S. (2016) Modern software cybernetics: New trends. The Journal of Systems and Software, online first


Research Institute

Cyber Technology Institute (CTI)