Understanding Opportunities in Social Entrepreneurship: A Critical Realist Abstraction
This paper extends social entrepreneurship (SE) research by drawing upon a critical realist perspective to analyse dynamic structure/agency relations in SE opportunity emergence, illustrated by empirical evidence. Our findings demonstrate an agential aspect (opportunity actualisation following a path-dependent seeding-growing-shaping process) and a structural aspect (institutional, cognitive and embedded structures necessary for SE opportunity emergence) related to SE opportunities. These structures provide three boundary conditions for SE agency: institutional discrimination, an SE belief system and social feasibility. Within this paper, we develop a novel theoretical framework to analyse SE opportunities plus, an applicable tool to advance related empirical research.
The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link.
Citation : Hu, X., Marlow, S., Zimmermann, A., Martin, L. and Frank, R. (2019) Understanding Opportunities in Social Entrepreneurship: A Critical Realist Abstraction. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,
ISSN : 1042-2587
Research Institute : Centre for Enterprise and Innovation (CEI)
Peer Reviewed : Yes