Influences of political leadership on cultural development
Political leadership has created opportunities and challenges for cultural identity, values and ethics across several spheres of human existence. This chapter looks at cultural presentations in politics, the economy, business, and education. Zambia is used as a lens to provide insight on this issue. Zambia has been undergoing a metamorphosis of its culture, largely influenced by the changes in political leadership. It is unsurprising that our culture has been moulded by our political situation given that our political leaders are socially identified as leaders in not only public life; but also in social life where culture is most visibly apparent.The evolution of the country’s cultural journey is traced from pre-independence- looking at the cultural systems that dominated the colonial era specifically paying attention to divisive notions of exclusionary in-group versus out-group. The cultural movement during the first republic under founder-president- Kenneth David Kaunda with reference to the one party system, his ideology of socialism and the ‘One Zambia, One Nation’ motto is then investigated. The turn to multi-partisan politics under the late Frederick Jacob Titus Chiluba brought in yet another cultural wave which is explored from the perspective of economic identities. The ‘New Deal’ government which followed on under the late Levy Patrick Mwanawasa spoke to a zero tolerance of corruption and also caused a shift in the cultural fabric of the Zambian people particularly with regard to business affairs and the relationship between civilians and those in governance.The impact of the work of his successor Rupiah Bwezani Banda on cultural retardation is examined. We then turn to the influence of arguably one of Zambia’s most charismatic and populist leaders, the late Michael Chilufya Sata by examining his reforms in language for education and demonstrate both their unifying and divisive outcomes for cultural development.
Citation : Mwila, N. K. (2018). Influences of political leadership on cultural development. In: O. Bialostocka (Ed.), New African Thinkers Agenda 2063: Culture at the heart of sustainable development (Chapter 7). Pretoria: HSRC Press.
ISBN : 9780796925657
Peer Reviewed : Yes